Who would not know the map of southern Italy. From its famous 'boot' shaped geographical land of the southern part of Italy, this place definitely has a lot more to offer. Southern Italy is indeed a very popular vacation destination due to its abundant beaches, scenic landscapes, and historical attractions. The stunning rock formations in Capri Island
When you ask people about Italy, the capital city, Rome, or the sunken streets of Venice, or the wonders of Florence, the birthplace of the Renaissance, are frequently mentioned.
But Italy is more than its northern area. As you go south from Rome, the throngs thin out and life begins to slow down. According to Nathaniel Rich, editor of the Paris Review, "to many travelers, these southern regions look adrift in a constant sleep."
Southern Italy was colonized by the Greeks, which had a major historical impact. Greek influence dominated the South until the Roman Principate. Late Roman Empire Greek influences returned after Justinian and Byzantine reconquests.
Old houses in Matera South Italy
Southern Italy is tense as political rivals France and Spain battle for control of the region. The Renaissance's humanistic blossoming and aesthetic advances take their time reaching the south, where a Northern Gothic style predominates well into the sixteenth century.
However, the eventually successful Spanish rulers bring their appreciation for Flemish and Italian Renaissance art to Sicily and the kingdom of Naples, both of which experience extensive urbanization under Spanish rule.
Southern Italy's lack of progress has caused record exodus. Southern Italy has trouble attracting firms and creating jobs. 943000 Italians were unemployed between 2007 and 2014. 70% were southern Italians.
South employment ranks lowest among EU countries. However, Southern Italy's economy grew twice as fast as Northern Italy's in 2016.
Color-coded Map Of Southern Italy and its regions
Southern Italy comprises the ankle (Campania), toe (Calabria), arch (Basilicata), and heel (Apulia), Molise (north of Apulia), and Abruzzo (north of Molise), as well as Sicily, which is separated from Calabria by the narrow Strait of Messina.
The Gulf of Taranto, named after the city of Taranto and located at an angle between the heel and the boot, separates the "heel" and the "boot." It's a branch of the Ionian Sea. Sardinia, located to the west of the Italian peninsula and just beneath the French island of Corsica, is also frequently mentioned.
The Adriatic Sea is located on the eastern coast and connects to the rest of the Mediterranean via the Strait of Otranto (named after the largest city on the tip of the heel).
On the Adriatic, the peninsula of Monte Gargano is located south of the "spur" of the boot; on the Tyrrhenian Sea, the Gulf of Salerno, the Gulf of Naples, the Gulf of Policastro, and the Gulf of Gaeta are all named after significant coastal cities.
The Amalfi Coast runs along the northern coast of the Salernitan Gulf and to the south of the Sorrentine Peninsula. Capri is an island off the coast of the peninsula.
The ruins of Pompeii with Mt. Vesuvius in the background
- Amalfi Coast
- Pompeii & Herculaneum
- Sassi di Matera
The Palace of Caserta, the Amalfi Coast, Pompeii, Sassi di Matera, Trulli di Alberobello, and other archaeological monuments are among the major tourist attractions in southern Italy (many of which are protected by UNESCO).
For more than 200 years, the Arabs ruled this southern island. The Normans, descendants of the Vikings who were established in northern France, began to invade Southern Italy, first as mercenaries supporting the feuding Lombards and Byzantines, and subsequently as independent invaders wanting to establish their own empires.
The ethnolinguistic minorities of southern Italy and Sicily are geographically separated into two major clusters: the Adriatic Albanian, Croat, and Greek populations, and the Ionian, Thirrenian, and Sicilian Albanian and Greek communities.
The southern region of Italy is recognized for its rich culture, stunning beaches, and delectable cuisine. The Italian language, which is spoken by around 65 percent of the population, is regarded as one of Europe's most beautiful languages. Italy has been a powerful country for centuries and will continue to be so in the future.