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The Antarctic Circle Map - Things You Should Know About

The Antarctic Circle map consists of the Antarctic circle as well as the continent of Antarctica, which has a land area of 14 million km2 (280,000 km2 ice-free, 13.72 million km2 ice-covered). This makes Antarctica almost twice the size of Australia (7,617,930 km2), and it is the world's fifth-largest continent in terms of area, following Asia, Africa, North America, and South America.

Knowing where you are in the Antarctic Circle can save you a lot of trouble. It is critical to understand what is happening with the weather and how it may affect your travel.

Antarctic Circle Location

The Antarctic Circle with four other major circles of latitude
The Antarctic Circle with four other major circles of latitude

The Antarctic Circle is the portion of the Earth's surface located on each side of the Antarctic Convergence, which is a latitude circle located 66° 33' 33.3" south of the equator. The Antarctic Circle is the northernmost point where the sun can be directly above for 24 hours. The Antarctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that serve as geographic coordinates on maps and globes. The other four are as follows: the Polar Circle, the Capricorn Tropic, the Equator, as well as the Cancer Tropic

What Are The 12 Countries In Antarctica?

Territorial dash line for each country that claims each portion of Antarctic Circle
Territorial dash line for each country that claims each portion of Antarctic Circle

Antarctica is a separate continent that is not a part of any country. The Antarctic Treaty System governs the Great White Continent through a set of recognized principles and agreements. The Antarctic Treaty was signed in 1959 by twelve countries, and it now has 54 signatories.

Although Antarctica has never had an indigenous population, areas of the continent have been claimed by seven countries: New Zealand, Australia, France, Norway, the United Kingdom, Chile, and Argentina. Some of these areas overlap. The US, Russia, and Brazil all have a permanent presence in Antarctica but have not yet claimed land. The majority of these ten countries have constructed scientific research centers in Antarctica, where over 4000 people work and live during the summer, with numbers decreasing to roughly 1000 during the winter. The vast majority of the population are scientists, with some being operational personnel such as ship crews and service workers. For now, these are the countries included:

  • France (Adélie Land)
  • United Kingdom (British Antarctic Territory)
  • New Zealand (Ross Dependency)
  • Norway (Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land)
  • Australia (Australian Antarctic Territory)
  • Chile (Chilean Antarctic Territory)
  • Argentina (Argentine Antarctica)
  • Australia
  • Belgium
  • Japan
  • South Africa
  • USA
  • Russia

Antarctic Circle Season

Antarctica is to the south of this circle, and the Southern Temperate Zone is to the north. Antarctica is a land mass that encompasses the majority of the territory within the Antarctic Circle. The South Pole is located in the middle of the Antarctic Circle.

Because the Earth's axis is inclined roughly 23.5° from the vertical, this parallel represents the northern limit of the area within which the Sun does not set (December 21 or 22) or rise for one day or more each year in the summer and winter solstices (June 21 or 22). From one day at the Antarctic Circle to six months at the South Pole, the length of continuous day or night grows southward. The South Pole is located on the core ice-covered plateau of Antarctica, a huge continental mass that almost completely fills the area within the Antarctic Circle. The lengths of day and night in the Antarctic Circle are the inverse of those at the Arctic Circle on any given date. Captain James Cook crossed the Antarctic Circle for the first time on January 17, 1773, separating the South Frigid Zone from the South Temperate Zone.

What Is The Difference Between The Arctic Circle And The Antarctic Circle?

The main distinction is that the Arctic is a sea surrounded by land, whereas the Antarctic is a continent surrounded by sea. Many of the other distinctions between the two locations can be attributed to this core difference. But you may ask if there are people who live in this remote place of our planet.

Does Anyone Live In The Antarctic Circle?

An Argentinian station in one of the towns in Antarctica with some houses
An Argentinian station in one of the towns in Antarctica with some houses

In Antarctica, there are around 66 scientific bases, 37 of which are occupied year round; the remainder are open during the summer and closed during the winter. During the summer, there are approximately 4,000 people, and approximately 1,000 people overwinter each year.

Is There An Airport In Antarctica?

A New Zealand airforce plane takes off on Union Glacier Blue-Ice Runway
A New Zealand airforce plane takes off on Union Glacier Blue-Ice Runway

Union Glacier Blue-Ice Runway is another one of the capital's runways. It has a length of 9,842 feet and is operated by Antarctic Logistics & Expeditions, which offers trips into the interior of Antarctica as well as expedition support.

Conclusion

People love looking at maps but sometimes the larger parts are what we are missing out on. The Antarctic Circle is the fifth-largest continent but yet often disregarded. There is still a lot to discover in this large cold mass of land but only a few people experience its magnificence.

About The Authors

Velma Battle

Velma Battle - Travelling Expert

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