South America, also known as Latin America if you include Spanish-speaking Central America, is the fat-legged continent mostly in the Southern Hemisphere below Central America where everyone except the Brazilians (who just have to be different) speak Spanish (or Castellano as local people prefer to name their language). The name America is derived from the Spanish explorer who discovered the continent, Amerigo Vespucci.
South America encompasses the magnificent Andes mountain chain, the massive Amazon river and rainforest, the driest place in the world in the Atacama Desert, several glaciers and many fantastic tourist destinations, with Peru at the top of the hit list (Amazon, Nazca Desert, Spanish colonial cities, Inca relics, kaleidoscopic local dress etc. ), pursued by Brazil (easily Latin America’s largest country), Ecuador, Chile and Argentina, with Bolivia, Colombia and Venezuela lagging behind due to safety concerns and other smaller countries lacking tourist interest. If you want some help traveling on this gorgeous but sometimes difficult continent check The Latin America Travel Company.