• Travel
  • News
  • Crypto
  • Health

Boycott Japan Whaling - Conservationists Say As Commercial Hunts Have Resumed

Conservationists from different parts of the world want to boycott Japan whaling.

In defiance of condemnation from the rest of the world, Japan has resumed whale hunting for commercial purposes.

Even though it ended its last hunt for commercial purposes in 1986, Japan has never truly stopped whaling. Instead, it has been conducting what it calls research expeditions, during which it kills hundreds of whales every year.

History Of Whaling In Japan

In the Edo period, whaling began (1603-1867). It was done only when whales came close to the coast, using simple weapons such as nets, lances, and paddle boats to catch them. Only the most affluent merchants and samurai dined on whale meat.

A depiction of Japan's whaling history
A depiction of Japan's whaling history

It wasn't until the Industrial Revolution that whales became a worldwide rage. Whale oil was sought for by countries around the world, and Japan did not want to be left out of the action. Several whaling enterprises sprung up around the country, using cannons aboard steam-powered ships to shoot harpoons at whales in the Antarctic Ocean.

After the defeat of Japan in World War II, U.S. General Douglas MacArthur was forced to deal with a nationwide food scarcity and saw an increase in demand for whale products. A whaling expedition to the Antarctic was his solution.

Whaling was cheap because whale meat was plentiful; within two years, whale meat was 46 percent of the Japanese diet's total protein intake. Whale populations around the world were decimated as a result of Japan's and other countries' whale hunting practices, which saw an estimated 3 million whales slaughtered at their height.

However, the boom was short-lived. Western environmental movements and conservation activism in the 1970s prompted governments to take action on whale conservation.

The Whaling Ban

IWC, an international agency that oversees the protection of whales and their management, intended to ban commercial whaling - the very same countries that have contributed to the decline of whale populations around the globe.

Sea Sheperd protesting to ban Whale hunting
Sea Sheperd protesting to ban Whale hunting

The ban was unavoidable for Japan. Furthermore, the United States threatened to impose restrictions on imports of Japanese fisheries goods and reduce Japanese fishing quota in U.S. waters, making it even more difficult for Japan to participate in the International Whaling Commission (IWC).

A moratorium on commercial whaling from 1985 to 1986 was agreed upon by both President Reagan and Japanese Prime Minister Nakasone Yasuhiro at the height of the Ron-Yasu friendship between the two countries at the time.

Japanese whaling did not finish there, nevertheless As of 1987, it was only conducting "scientific whaling" in accordance with IWC-approved programs in Antarctica and the Pacific. Through the Whaling Triangle, a network of pro-whaling groups, influential pro-whalers exert their influence on government policy, this shortcut was made possible.

Ex-government officials and lobbyists in Japan formed the Japanese Fisheries Association and petitioned the government's Fisheries Agency to subsidize whaling operations in order to save the declining business.

Whaling company Kyodo Senpaku was created as the Institute of Cetacean Research, which would hire ships for scientific research. It is only via the sale of "secondary products" like whale products that Kyodo Senpaku can cover the costs of its research facility (and researchers were once caught eating some of it).

Whale Eating In Japan

Until the moratorium was implemented, whale meat consumption had been declining steadily since the early 1960s.

Because of post-war food shortages, whale meat consumption was relatively high in the post-war era, but as the country became wealthier, the population began to migrate to other more appetizing meats as they became more affordable.

Despite this, whale meat continues to be promoted as part of the national diet. Whaling is undeniably a component of Japanese culture, particularly in certain parts of the country, but whether it can be termed a "national" culture is up for debate given the country's long history of whaling.

Even though commercial whaling was restarted three years ago, it continues to face several difficulties, including reductions in catch limits and government support. Rather than relying on government funding, Kyodo Senpaku has stated that it will aim to build its next $56.4 million whaling ship through crowdsourcing and will provide extra services including assistance with marine research and even ash spreading.

Japan Whaling 2022

During Japan's 2022 commercial whaling season, which runs from 1 April through the end of the year, two whaling vessels departed Ayukawa Port in Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture, on April 3.

A newly caught Whale hunted by some Japanese fishermen
A newly caught Whale hunted by some Japanese fishermen

Ayukawa Whale Co., which also runs a physical store and an online shop selling canned whale meat and whale bacon, operates the No. 8 Koei Maru and No. 3 Daikatsu Maru, small "catcher" vessels with a raised sighting platform and a harpoon cannon mounted on the bow. Minke whales will be the primary prey for both ships.

Since Japan left the International Whaling Commission four years ago, it has resumed commercial whaling in Japan (IWC).

IWC's original goal is to rebuild stocks so that whaling can be managed responsibly, as evidenced by an excerpt from the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling which concludes a convention to provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make it possible for the orderly development of whale hunting."

In spite of this, Japan claims that IWC members with anti-whaling sentiment have prevented the restart of whaling even for stocks with acceptable numbers. With the exception of subsistence whaling by indigenous people, the country's position is that the IWC's current function is to eradicate the whaling industry.

The "scientific whaling" operation that Japan ran in Antarctic waters and the North Pacific for many years got around the country's commercial whaling ban.

When the International Court of Justice (ICJ) declared that Japan's scientific whaling programs did not qualify as "scientific," Sea Shepherd activists harassed and attacked Japan's scientific whaling activities.

An international treaty has cautioned Japan that importing endangered sei whales from Antarctic waters to Japan for commercial sale constitutes international trading in an endangered species.

In 2019, Japan started commercial whaling in its own exclusive economic zone following its departure from the International Whaling Commission (IWC) (EEZ). Non-lethal visual surveys to determine abundance and stock structure are the mainstay of Japanese scientific effort in Antarctic waters.

Other nations, like indigenous communities in the United States and Canada who hunt belugas and narwhals, and the Faroe Islands, who capture pilot whales, also continue to hunt tiny cetaceans like dolphins and pilot whales in their own waters.

According to the IWC's website, tiny cetaceans are not included in the organization's classification of "great whales." The International Whaling Commission (IWC) provides funding and support for small cetacean research and conservation projects, but it does not regulate small cetacean hunting.

People Also Ask

Why Is Whaling Not Banned In Japan?

Although the Antarctic minke whale population has fallen since the start of the JARPA ( Joint Aquatic Resources Permit Application ) program and those whales killed have displayed rising indications of stress, Japan argues that annual whaling is sustainable and required for scientific study and management of whale stocks.

How Many Whales Have Japan Killed By 2021?

The quotas for the whale-hunting season in 2021 was announced by the Japanese government. There were a total of 383 whales slaughtered, with 171 minke whales, 187 Bryde's whales, and 25 Sei whales making up the total. Despite the country's declining appetite for meat, hunters continue their hunts.

Do Japanese Still Eat Whales?

Whale meat consumption in Japan, a nation with a long history of hunting whales, is gradually declining as whale watching becomes more popular.

Conclusion

Minke, Bryde's, and Sei whales will be allowed to be hunted by the ministry. Minke and Bryde's whales are not on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Sei whales are listed as endangered, but their population is growing. Therefore, the impact on numbers will be minor. According to whaling proponents, whale food actually has a lower carbon footprint than meat from pork or beef.

About The Authors

Velma Battle

Velma Battle - Travelling Expert

Recent Articles

  • G Adventures Reviews - Things You Need To Know About This Travel Company

    G Adventures Reviews - Things You Need To Know About This Travel Company

    If you are curious about G Adventures reviews, then you are in the right place. G Adventures provides itineraries to locations all over the world, and the vast majority of them include the services of local tour guides to assist travelers. Since its start, G Adventures tour has garnered a reputation as a tour operator that is known for providing visitors with experiences that are one-of-a-kind and off-the-beaten-path, while also putting an emphasis on sustainable and responsible travel.

  • Bhutan Sets Reopening Date And Raises Tourist Tax

    Bhutan Sets Reopening Date And Raises Tourist Tax

    Bhutan sets reopening date and increases daily tourist tax as per reports. Officials announced on June 30 that Bhutan will reopen for international tourists beginning in September for the first time since the pandemic began more than two years ago. This comes as the tiny Himalayan kingdom works to rebuild its economy and attract more visitors.

  • Top 10 Mysterious Places You Definitely Have To Discover

    Top 10 Mysterious Places You Definitely Have To Discover

    Are you a mysterious type of person? Today we will talk about some top mysterious places you might be missing out. It's a lot of fun to check out the world's most famous landmarks, but for some people, that's not quite enough to satisfy their thirst for excitement and discovery. There are a lot of undiscovered locations that raise a million questions in the minds of researchers and scientists, which makes these locations an even more appealing travel destination for people who enjoy a good mystery.

  • Bosnia & Herzegovina Tour - Be Captivated To This Heart Shaped Land

    Bosnia & Herzegovina Tour - Be Captivated To This Heart Shaped Land

    Wondering about your Bosnia & Herzegovina tour? Well, you came to the right place. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a popular tourist destination due to its century-old ancient cities, spectacular natural beauty, thrilling attractions, and unique religious culture. We will talk about the things you need to know about this place and a list of the greatest sites to visit in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  • Things To Do In Mauritius - Experience This Wondrous Volcanic Island

    Things To Do In Mauritius - Experience This Wondrous Volcanic Island

    There are so many things to do in Mauritius. This amazing island was formed as a result of volcanic activity. It is brimming with extraordinary natural treasures; these range from the multicolored earth at Chamarel and the crater lake at Grand Bassin to the dormant volcano at Trou aux Cerfs and the famous Le Morne Brabant which is deemed a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In addition, the island of Mauritius is home to outstanding national parks, breathtaking waterfalls, an abundance of hiking paths (many of which reward hikers with fabulous vistas), and a remarkable botanical garden.

  • I Travel The World And The Seven Seas - More Than Just A Song Lyrics

    I Travel The World And The Seven Seas - More Than Just A Song Lyrics

    At one point of your life you probably heard this line, 'I travel the world and the seven seas'. In the arts and popular culture, the phrase is connected with the Mediterranean Sea and/or the Arabian Seven Oceans east of Africa and India, alternatively it is sometimes used to refer to the Caribbean Sea and seas around the Americas. Long before the oceans of the earth were known, the concept of "seven seas" with varied definitions was part of the vernacular of several peoples.

  • What Famous Places Are Not Worthy Of A Visit? Don't Waste Your Time Or Money

    What Famous Places Are Not Worthy Of A Visit? Don't Waste Your Time Or Money

    There is nothing worse than arriving at a destination that disappoints. So, what famous places are not worth seeing?

  • City In Italy With The Longest Name That You Might Not Have Heard About

    City In Italy With The Longest Name That You Might Not Have Heard About

    Do you know the city in Italy with longest name? Well the answer may shock you. Italy is one of the world's most populous countries, with a population of over 60 million people. Italy, the world's 72nd largest country by land, has numerous significant cities with substantial populations, contributing to its ranking as the world's 24th most populous country.

  • Portugal Images - Fall In Love To This Country In Iberian Peninsula

    Portugal Images - Fall In Love To This Country In Iberian Peninsula

    Portugal images are one of those stunning pictures you would see all over the internet. Portugal packs a powerful punch for such a small country. From metropolitan cities to out-of-the-way towns and villages, to lively beach resorts and stunning national parks, this small country has something for everyone.