Castro de Baroña, Rías Baixas, Galicia, Spain
Looking over Castro de Baroña to Praia de Area Longa beach.
What is Castro de Baroña?
Castro is an ancient, fortified celtic village in the Rias Baixas region of western Galicia. Small but incredibly beautiful this was the most dramatic coastal site we saw in northern Spain. And it’s free to enter. This Iron Age settlement on a rocky promontory was inhabited by a skilled fishing and farming community – rumoured to be of Celtic origin – for around 200 years from 1st century BC to 1st century AD. In addition to their obvious stonework skills there is archeological evidence that the people living here were capable at metalwork, textile creation and animal husbandry – goats, sheep and cattle – though their primary source of nutrition was naturally derived from the sea. The main thing lacking from this village was water which had to be sourced from elsewhere.
The lovely short walk down to Castro from the main AC-550 road where there is a large brown information hut clearly labelled Castro de Baroña – which is the main indication that you have arrived at the right place, along with a large bar/restaurant.
Castro de Baroña, on the Ria de Muros y Noia. Beyond is the Atlantic Ocean.
Visible here is the first defensive wall, which is behind partly a natural sea trench (not visible) that has been extended into a 3m deep, 4m wide defensive moat. Behind that is the second defensive wall with gateway into the village.
Access to Castro involves an easy drive on the gorgeous AC-550 coast road from Noia/Porto do Son in the north part of the Serra do Barbanza peninsula (beside Ria de Muros y Noia, one of Galicia’s Rias Baixas) or approach from Ribeira (aka Riveira) on the south side of the peninsula, beside Ria de Arousa.
There’s a convenient, large restaurant/café/bar beside the Castro information hut on the road. Park anywhere you can! There don’t appear to be any prohibitions.
We drove down to the coast from Santiago de Compostela on a day trip, taking in Riveira’s Coroso beach (OK); the Corrubedo Dunes (rubbish! ); the Corrubedo lighthouse and beach (pretty good); Dolmen do Axeitos (small but impressive); Castro (awesome! ); Porto de Son beaches (OK); Noia’s ‘mysterious’ cemetary at Santa Maria a Nova church (rubbish! ). See all the photos here