Egypt Falls at Scotsville on Cape Breton Island, photo by Nova Scotia Tourism.
Nova Scotia is almost an island in the Atlantic Ocean and in fact the most beautiful part of NS is actually an island - Cape Breton Island. This offers spectacular wild walks on one of the 25 trails in the Cape Breton Highlands National Park or around small historic towns.
Nova Scotia's climate is moderated by the Atlantic Ocean around it making it Atlantic Canada's warmest province with summer temperatures ranging from 14C (57F) to 25C (77F) and winters from -11C (12F) to 5C (41F).
Halifax Citadel National Historic Settlement, photo by Nova Scotia Tourism.
Home to Canada's largest eastern harbour, is a small, attractive
and very walkable city featuring many fine old buildings - including the 250 year old
Citadel, plenty of history, gardens, waterfront views and open spaces.
Peggy's Cove, 43km south of Halifax, is a well-preserved and delightfully rustic 19thC fishing village of brightly coloured houses set in a rocky panorama - though somewhat touristy.
Lunenburg, another small, friendly and colourful port town, home to Canada's most famous tall ship, the Bluenose II.
A Wolville vineyard in Annapolis Valley, photo by Nova Scotia Tourism.
Nova Scotia Activities
Golf: there are several impressive 18 hole courses near Halifax.
Fishing: try for trout and salmon in Dartmouth lakes or for the real thing head for Marine Drive 125 miles east.
Canoeing/kayaking: and other watersports, head for Kejiumkujik National Park.
Surfing: possible on the Atlantic coast at Ingonish Beach or Lawrencetown on the Eastern Shore.
Beaches: Pomquet beach on St George's Bay is a family favourite with full facilities, Five Islands Provincial Park is the place to explore at low tide, while Melmerby and Caribou, near New Glasgow, are the warmest.
Hiking and Driving: Cape Breton's Highlands National Park encompasses the scenically magnificent 185 mile Cabot Trail.
Whale watching: the distant peninsula and isolated fishing villages of Digby Neck is some job to get to, involving two ferry rides, but packed with both whale tours and a great variety of the big mammals - minke, humpback, fin, right, sperm, blue, orcas...
Hopewell Rocks at high tide (you can walk around them at low tide), Bay of Fundy, photo by New Brunswick Department of Tourism and Parks.
New Brunswick is another lively little province, protected from Atlantic storms and serious waves by the bulk of Nova Scotia so offers many great, warmer-than-normal beaches to suit many tastes, such as the fantastic views, birds and fossils of Cape Enrage Beach and half a dozen excellent, full-facility family beaches along Acadian Coastal Drive including the superb rolling white sand dunes of Bouctouche.
New Brunswick has organised tourist driving routes to cover their main attractions. e.g. Off the 250 mile (400km) River Valley Scenic Drive is magnificent Christ Church Cathedral, the huge 'recreation campground' of de la Republique Provincial Park, Grand Falls Gorge and the ancient Hartland Covered Bridge (aka the kissing bridge).
Dickson Falls, Fundy National Park hiking trail, photo by New Brunswick Department of Tourism and Parks.
Off Fundy Coastal Drive is not only the 'Marine World Wonder' of Fundy Bay that is well worth exploring at super-low tide, but also the Chocolate Museum (yeah!), the Crystal Palace Amusement Park and Herring Cove Provincial Park with camping, cliffs, beaches and varied hiking trails; off Acadian Coastal Drive - apart from some excellent beaches - is historic Fort Cumberland. More Scenic Drives.
New Brunswick is also home to 19 freshwater beaches, many with full facilities and play areas.
Basin Head Provincial Park beach, PEI.
Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island across the Confederation Bridge has grand landscapes, great beaches - such as Cavendish's wild dunes - and quaintly rustic fishing villages where seafood is always on the menu. French River village is one of the most popular PEI tourist attractions while Charlottetown is a fine little historic town with a New England ambience, good walks and an excellent selection of hostelries to relax in.
Panmure Island Provincial Park, PEI.
St John's seen from Signal Hill National Historic Settlement, by Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism.
Newfoundland island is a beautifully rugged coastal and mountain environment (a mini-Rockies), great for the usual hiking, biking, and kayaking as well as salmon fishing and bird watching, and not particularly cold - temperatures don't go much below freezing in winter on the island, though icebergs often drift by the north coast.
Signal Hill overlooking the entrance to St John's harbour is an historic landmark but also offers a wonderful Newfoundland panorama, while the city's North Head Trail is a remarkably attractive walk.
Three Sisters Beach on Bay Roberts, the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland.
The Avalon Peninsula where St John's sits hosts varied wildlife attractions; in one day tourists can see herds of caribou and massive colonies of both puffins and gannets, while the adjacent Bonavista Peninsula - slightly further away - is the place to see icebergs, whales and puffins.
A sensational drive is Newfoundland's Viking Trail, heading up to the north tip of the province's peninsula for empty roads and full views of strange rock formations, dramatically blasted coastlines and ending up in L'Anse aux Meadows, a UNESCO World Heritage Site of probably the only pre-Columbian Viking colony.
The first weekend of August, Friday-Sunday sees a highly recommended, very good value Folk Festival in Bannerman Park, St John's, Newfoundland.
Newfoundland and Labrador activities
Hiking: The new East Coast Trail, with camping en route, is famously spectacular.
Cape Spear National Park, North America's most eastern point, has excellent walks and whale viewing spots but is windy. It's closed Oct-May.
Gros Morne National Park is hard work but famously monumental, with glorious peaks and fjords. Hike, bike, ride, canoe and ski the 16,000 km Trans Canada Trail
Ski at Marble Mountain and snowmobile just about anywhere.
Walking in Torngat Mountains National Park, by Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism.
Newfoundland's west coast hosts large numbers of black bear, moose and caribou in the Long Range Mountains and Lewis Hills.
Bird Island, accessible by land in spite of its name, has immense colonies of easily visible birds - July's nesting season is the best time to visit.
Whale watching tours operate from many locations.
Iceberg tours run from Twillingate, north of Gander.
In winter the main activity is snowmobiling, by Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism.